- Position: partial to full shade
- Soil: moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil
- Rate of growth: average
- Hardiness: fully hardy
An semi-evergreen fern withbright green, broad, leathery fronds and distinctive black stems. It issometimes called holly fern due to the distinctive shape of the fronds. This fern has an upright habit and looks particularly attractive among other ferns or woodland plants in a shady border. but it does need humus-rich soil to thrive in.
Garden care: Remove old fronds in spring to allow the new growth to uncurl. do not allow to dry out.